Pig is a very efficient meat-producing livestock, so pigs have high economic value as beef cattle. In addition to rapid body growth, pigs are also able to utilize all types of agricultural waste, does not require extensive ground maintenance, can increase soil fertility and have a high litter size. But until now the potential is still not able to be utilized properly because of limited consumer and maintenance system is not adequate.
Selection of good seeds is the first step in the success of a livestock business. Requirements to consider when selecting seedlings:
Healthy Pig, with characteristics: symmetrical nipple and the number of 12 left and right pieces, large udders with blood vessels clearly visible, solid and compact body, sturdy and sturdy legs, long bodies compared to the same pig’s age.
Piglets to be cultivated should come from mothers who often produce many children or usually have children more than 5 in one birth and able or keep their children until the moment of milk, or males who are capable or have the ability to mate and produce more children of 5 tails.
The Pig Stall
To achieve success in the livestock business especially pigs, among others, need to be cultivated a good cage building. For only a good cage will be able to:
- Improve food conversion.
- Increase growth and ensure the health of livestock.
What is meant by a good cage here is, a cage building built according to the right cage rules?
There are various kinds of pig pens, each distinguished according to its construction and usefulness.
Feed is one of the important factors in the pig business. Because 60% of the total cost is spent on the needs of the mother pigs (seed), and 80% for the purposes of fattening pigs. Can feed homemade or from pig feed suppliers. Therefore one thing to note here is that although pigs are naturally classified as animals that eat very greedy, and like to eat anything, they need to be fed with the correct calculation. Because, in addition to pigs that eat a lot and greedy, the conversion of food was very good, so if the maintenance is good, the growth rate will be good too. Keep in mind that pigs belong to animals that have simple digestive tools, which are incapable of digesting high-fiber raw materials. Feed for pigs is generally a mixture of various food items given in a certain period of time (rations).
Some important factors that must be considered by farmers in feeding/rationing on pigs are as follows:
- Food Substance
All the ingredients required by pigs consist mainly of six basic elements: carbohydrates, crude fiber, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water.
- Preparation of Rations
If the number of pigs that only a few tail, then the pig can be given the remains of food from the kitchen, such as banana skin, papaya, vegetables, rice and so forth. But no matter how much leftover food can be given, the practice of giving such food is less accountable. Because the food is not a ration that has the composition of food substances in the right balance as required by the pig’s body for the purposes of growth and production.